A study of Anemia and its association with COPD, in patients attending tertiary care hospital.
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease COPD, a common preventable and treatable disease which recognized as global public health problem. COPD is expected to become the third leading cause of death worldwide by 2020. COPD patients with low haemoglobin levels have a poorer prognosis than COPD patients with normal haemoglobin levels.
[ 2 ] P.J. Barnes, B.R. Celli. Systemic manifestations and comorbidities of COPD. European Respiratory Journal 2009.;33(5).
[ 3 ] T.similowski, A. Agustı, W. Macnee. The potential impact of anaemia of chronic disease in COPD. European Respiratory Journal. 2004;27(2)
[ 4 ] Karina Portillo Carroza. Anemia in COPD: Should It Be Taken Into Consideration? Arch Bronconeumol .2007
[ 5 ] Zielinski J. Effects of long-term oxygen therapy in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Curr Opin Pulm Med 1999; 5: 81–87.
[ 6 ] John M, Hoernig S, Doehner W, Okonko DD, Witt C, Anker SD. Anemia and inflammation in COPD. Chest 2005; 127: 825–829.
[ 7 ] Chambellan A, Chailleux E, Similowski T, ANTADIR Observatory Group. Prognostic value of hematocrit in patients with severe COPD receiving long-term oxygen therapy. Chest 2005; 128: 1201–1208.
[ 8 ] K.R. Chapmanet al. Epidemiology and costs of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. Eur Respir J 2006; 27: 188–207..
[ 9 ] C. Cote, M.D. Zilberberg, S.H. Mody : Haemoglobin level and its clinical impact ina cohort of patients with COPD. Eur Respir J 2007 ;29
[ 10 ] Weiss G, Goodnough LT. Anemia of chronic disease. N Engl J Med 2005; 352: 1011–1023.
[ 11 ] Means RT Jr. Recent developments in the anemia of chronic disease. Curr Hematol Rep 2003; 2: 116–121.
[ 12 ] Means RT Jr. Advances in the anemia of chronic disease. Int J Hematol 1999; 70: 7–12.
[ 13 ] Moldawer LL, Marano MA, Wei H, et al. Cachectin/tumor necrosis factor-alpha alters red blood cell kinetics and induces anemia in vivo. FASEB J 1989; 3: 1637–1643.
[ 14 ] Vander Meer P, Voors AA, Lipsic E, van Gilst WH, van Veldhuisen DJ. Erythropoietin in cardiovascular diseases. Eur Heart J 2004; 25: 285–291.
[ 15 ] Rice L, Alfrey CP, Driscoll T, Whitley CE, Hachey DL, Suki W. Neocytolysis contributes to the anemia of renal disease. Am J Kidney Dis 1999; 33: 59–62.
[ 16 ] Rogers J, Lacroix L, Durmowitz G, Kasschau K, Andriotakis J, Bridges KR. The role of cytokines in the regulation of ferritin expression. Adv Exp Med Biol 1994; 356: 127–132.
[ 17 ] Gan WQ, Man SF, Senthilselvan A, Sin DD. Association between chronic obstructivepulmonary disease and systemic infl ammation: a systematic review and a metaanalysis.Thorax. 2004;59:574-80.
[ 18 ] Portillo K, Belda J, Antón P, Casan P. High frequency of anemia in COPD patients admitted in a tertiary hospital. Rev Clin Esp. 2007; 207:383-7.
[ 19 ] Portillo K. Anemia in COPD: should it be taken into consideration?.Arch Bronconeumol. 2007;43:392-8.
[ 20 ] Tsantes AE, Tassiopoulos ST, Papadhimitriou SI, Bonovas S, Poulakis N, Vlachou A, et al. Theophylline treatment may adversely affect the anoxia-induced erythropoietic response without suppressing erythropoietin production. Eur J Clin Pharmacol. 2003;59:379-83.
[ 21 ] Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine. 17th Edition (2008). Pg. 2432 (Table 351-2)
[ 22 ] Krishnan G, Grant BJ, Muti PC, et al. Association between anemia and quality of life in a population sample of individuals with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. BMC Pulm Med 2006;6:23
[ 23 ] Martínez FJ, Foster G, Curtis JL, Criner G, Weinmann G, Fishman A, et al; NETT Research Group. Predictors of mortality in patients with emphysema and severe airflow obstruction. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2006;173:1326-34.
[ 24 ] Shorr AF, Doyle J, Stern L, Dolgitser M, Zilberberg MD. Anemia in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: epidemiology and economic implications. Curr Med Res Opin 2008;24(4):1123-1130.
[ 25 ] Roshanak Hasheminasab Zavarreh, Mohammad-mehdi Zahmatkesh. Association between Anemia and COPD in Iranian population, International Journal of Hematology Oncology and Stem Cell Research. 2013;7(2)
[ 26 ] Guralnik JM, Ersshler WB, Schrier SL, Picozzi VJ. Anemia in the elderly: a public health crisis in hematology. Hematology Am Soc Hematol Educ Program 2005; 1: 528–532.
[ 27 ] MacNee W. Pulmonary and systemic oxidant/antioxidant imbalance in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Proc Am Thorac Soc. 2005;2:50-60.
[ 28 ] Matthias John, Soeren Hoernig. Anemia and Inflammation in COPD, CHEST 2005;127(3).
[ 29 ] Jeffrey A Richmond, Joseph E. Kiss. Anemia in COPD : The role of blood transfusion. Transfusion Medicine Update.2008 : 4.