Knowledge and Perception of Farmers towards Genetically Modified Crops: The Perspective of Farmer Based Organizations in Northern Region of Ghana

  • Hudu Zakaria Department of Agricultural Extension, Rural Development and Gender Studies, University for Development Studies, Ghana
  • Hamza Adam Department of Community Development, University for Development Studies, Ghana
  • Afishata Mohammed Abujaja Department of Community Development, University for Development Studies, Ghana
Keywords: Perception, Knowledge, GM Crop, GMO Technology, Biosafety Act and FBOs

Abstract

Despite the fact that Ghana had put in place legislative and institutional frameworks to guide the application of GMO technology in commercial agriculture, the desired results will not be realised unless farmers‟ knowledge and perception about GM crops are known and adequately addressed. This paper therefore, presents results of a survey assessing the knowledge and perception of 305 leaders of Farmer Based Organizations (FBOs) in Northern Region of Ghana towards GM crops.

References

AgSSIP (Agricultural Services Sub-sector Investment Project). 2007. Implementation completion and results report. A World Bank document presented to the Republic of Ghana. Washington, D.C.: WorldBank.

Aref F 2011. Farmers’ participation in agricultural development: The case of Fars province, Iran. Indian Journal of Science and Technology, 4(2): 155- 158.

Barry, J. & Proops, J., 1999. Seeking sustainability discourses with Q methodology. Ecological Economics, 28; 337-345

Brookes G., Barfoot, P., 2011. GM crops: global socio-economic and environmental impacts 1996-2009. PG Economics Ltd, Dorchester, UK.

Charles Hanrahan 2010, “Agricultural Biotechnology: The U.S. – EU Dispute,“ CRS Report for Congress RS21556, 8 April, http://digitalcommons.unl.edu/crsdocs/69/ (28 April, 2014)

Clare Hall, 2010. Identifying farmer attitudes towards genetically modified (GM) crops in Scotland. LAND ECONOMY WORKING PAPER SERIES Number 6. Land Economy Research Group SAC Edinburgh EH9 3JG.

David Baulcombe , Jim Dunwell, Jonathan Jones, John Pickett, Pere Puigdomenech, 2014. ‘GM Science Update; A report to the Council for Science and Technology’

Dunwell, J.M. 2002. Future prospects for transgenic crops. Phytochem. Rev. 1 pp. 1–12.

Elmasoeur Ashitey 2013. Ghana Agricultural Biotechnology Annual Report. Global Agriculture Information Network. USDA Foreign Agricultural Services

Ghana District Repository 2006. Districts in Northern Region (Available on http://www.ghanadistricts.com/region/?r=6 retrieved on 20th April, 2014)

GSS, 2013. Regional Analytical Reports; Northern Region. 2010 Population and Housing Census, Ghana Statistical Service, GSS, June, 2013 Accra.

Iqbal M 2007. Concept and implementation of participation and empowerment: Reflection from coffee IPM-SECP. Makara, Sosial Humaniora, 11 (2): 58- 70.

ISAAA, 2014. Global Status of Commercialized Biotech/GM Crops: 2013. ISAAA Brief 46-2013: Executive Summary. Available on http://www.isaaa.org/inbrief/default.asp (Accessed on 24th June, 2014)

James, C. 2012. Preview: Global Status of Commercialized Biotech/GM Crops: 2012. ISAAA Briefs No. 44. ISAAA: Ithaca, NY.

James, C., 2008. Global status of commercialized biotech/GM crops 2008. ISAAA Brief no. 39, ISAAA, Ithaca, NY.

Jerome Legge and Robert Durant, 2010. “Public Opinion, Risk Assessment, and Biotechnology: Lessons from Attitudes toward Genetically Modified Foods in the European Union,” Review of Policy Research 2, no.1 59-76.

Kenneth Kinuthia Kagai, 2011. ‘Assessment of Public Perception, Awareness and Knowledge on Genetically Engineered Food Crops and their Products in Trans-Nzoia County, Kenya’, Journal of Developments in Sustainable Agriculture 6: 164-180 (2011)

Laura M. Zahn, Pamela J. Hines, Elizabeth Pennisi, and John Travis 2008. Green genes. Science 320 (5875), 465.

MoFA , 2012, ‘Performance Of The Agricultural Sector In Ghana: 2006-2012. Gross Domestic Product (GDP) At 2006 Prices By Economic Activity: 2006-2012

National Campaign Against UPOV/Plant Breeders’ Bill, 2014. FAITH-BASED ORGANIZATIONS’ POSITION ON THE PLANT BREEDERS’ BILL AND GENETICALLY MODIFIED ORGANISMS IN ACCRA ON 19TH JUNE 2014 (Available on http://foodsovereigntyghana.org/ accessed on 20th June, 2014)

Nxumalo K. K. S. and O. I. Oladele, 2013. Factors Affecting Farmers’ Participation in Agricultural Programme in Zululand District, Kwazulu Natal Province, South Africa. Kamla-Raj 2013 J Soc Sci, 34(1): 83-88 (2013).

Odhiambo, A. 2007. Annan rules out use of GMOs in the war on hunger in Africa. Business Daily (Kenya). http://www.gmwatch.org/archive2.asp?arcid=8110

Onumah, G. E., J. R. Davis, U. Kleih, and F. J. Proctor. 2007. Empowering smallholder farmers in markets: Changing agricultural marketing systems and innovative responses by producer organizations. ESFIM Working Paper 2: IFAD, CTA, AGRICORD.

Robert M_ Yawson, Wilhelmina Quaye, Irene Entsi Williams & Ivy Yaws on, (2008). A Stakeholder Approach to Investigating Public Perception and Attitudes towards Agricultural Biotechnology in Ghana. TAILORING BIOTECHNOLOGIES Vol. 4, Issue 1/1, fall-1OO8, pp: 55-70

Salifu, A., Francesconi, G. N., and Kolavalli, S. 2010. “A review of collective action in rural Ghana”. IFPRI Discussion Paper 998 International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).

Smale, M., De Groote H., 2003. Diagnostic research to enable adoption of transgenic crop varieties by smallholder farmers in Sub-Saharan Africa. African Journal of Biotechnology 2 (12), 586-595.

Steinbreecher, R. A (1996). From green to gene revolution: The environmental risks of genetically engineered crops. The ecologist 26:273-282.

Sylvie Bonny. 2003, “Why Are Europeans Opposed to GMOs? Factors Explaining Rejection in France and Europe,” Electronic Journal of Biotechnology 6, no. 1 50-71.

Zakaria H., Adam H. and Abujaja M.F. 2013. ‘The Perception Of Agricultural Students And Self-Employment In Agribusiness: A Case Study of Students of University for Development Studies, ghana’ .intentional journal of research in commerce and management. volume no. 4 (2013), issue no. 12(december) issn 0976-2183.

EBSCO Publishing, U.S.A.
Published
2014-07-31
Section
Original Article