Effect Of Substrate Composition On The Nutrients Of Vermicompost Prepared By Different Types Of Earthworms

  • G. Amaravathi Department of Zoology & Dairy Science Jawahar Bharati Degree College, Kavali, A.P
  • R. Mallikarjuna Reddy Department of Zoology & Dairy Science Jawahar Bharati Degree College, Kavali, A.P.
Keywords: Vermi-compost, municipal solid waste, earthworms, P. excavatus, E.foetida

Abstract

The study is intended to know the performance of two different earthworm species in different substrate mixtures in order to know the type of substrate mixture required for better treatment of municipal solid waste. The percentage of soil nutrients such as nitrogen, phosphorous and potassium are considerably higher in the vermi-compost prepared using Perionyx excavatus than that of vermi-compost prepared by Eisenia foetida.

References

Suthar, S. and S. Singh ,( 2008). “Vermicomposting of domestic waste by using two epigeic earthworms (Perionyx excavatus and Perionyx sansibaricus),” International Journal of Environment Science and Technology, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 99–106,

Venkatesh, R.M.. and T. Eevera, (2008). “Mass reduction and recovery of nutrients through vermicomposting of fly ash,” Applied Ecology and Environmental Research, vol. 6, pp. 77–84,

Bansal, S. and K. K. Kapoor, (2000). “Vermicomposting of crop residues and cattle dung with Eisenia foetida,” Bioresource Technology, vol. 73, no. 2, pp. 95–98,

Reddy and Okhura, M.V. (2004). “Vermicomposting of rice-straw and its effects on sorghum growth,” Tropical Ecology, vol. 45, pp. 327–331,

Lee, K.E. (1985). Earthworms: Their Ecology and Relationships with Soils and Land Use, Academic Press, London, UK,

Atiyeh, R.M. S. Lee, C. A. Edwards, N. Q. Arancon, and J. D. Metzger, (2002). “The influence of humic acids derived from earthworm-processed organic wastes on plant growth,” Bioresource Technology, vol. 84, no. 1, pp. 7–14,

Kaushik, P and V. K. Garg, (2003). “Vermicomposting of mixed solid textile mill sludge and cow dung with the epigeic earthworm Eisenia foetida,” Bioresource Technology, vol. 90, no. 3, pp. 311–316,

Walkley, A. and I. A. Black, (1934). “An examination of the Degtjareff method for determining soil organic matter and prepared modification of the chronic acid titration method,” Soil Science, vol. 34, pp. 29–38,

Pattnaik S. and V. Reddy (2010), Nutrient Status of Vermi-compost of Urban Green Waste Processed by Three Earthworm Species Eisenia fetida, Eudrilus eugeniae, and Perionyx excavates. Applied and Environmental Soli Science, Volume 2010, Pp: 1-13.Article ID 967526. doi:1155/2010/96752

Jackson, J.M. (1973) Soil Chemical Analysis, Prentice Hall of India Private Limited, New Delhi, India, 1st edition,

Anderson, J.M. and J. S. I. Ingram, (1993). “Soil organic matter and organic carbon,” in Tropical Soil Biology and Fertility: A Hand Book of Methods, J. M. Anderson and J. S. I. Ingram, Eds., p. 221, CAB International, Wallingford, UK,

Simard, R.R. (1993). “Ammonium acetate extractable elements,” in Soil Sampling and Methods of Analysis, R. Martin and S. Carter, Eds., pp. 39–43, Lewis, Boca Raton, Fla, USA,

Haimi, J. and V. Huhta, (1987). “Comparison of composts produced from identical wastes by vermistabilization and conventional composting,” Pedobiologia, vol. 30, no. 2, pp. 137–144,

Tripathi, G and P. Bhardwaj, (2004). “Comparative studies on biomass production, life cycles and composting efficiency of Eisenia fetida (Savigny) and Lampito mauritii (Kinberg),” Bioresource Technology, vol. 92, no. 3, pp. 275–283,

Kale, R.D. K. Bano and R.V. Krishnamoorthy, (1982). Potential of Perionyx excavatus for utilizing organic wastes. Pedobiologia, 23, pp. 419–425. View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (61)

Loh, T.C Y. C. Lee, J. B. Liang, and D. Tan, (2005). “Vermicomposting of cattle and goat manures by Eisenia foetida and their growth and reproduction performance,” Bioresource Technology, vol. 96, no. 1, pp. 111–114,

Ndegwa, P.M. S. A. Thompson, and K. C. Das, (2000). “Effects of stocking density and feeding rate on vermicomposting of biosolids,” Bioresource Technology, vol. 71, no. 1, pp. 5–12,

Guoxue, L. F. Zhang, Y. Sun, J. W. C. Wong, and M. Fang, (2001). “Chemical evaluation of sewage composting as mature indicator for composting process,” Water Air Soil Sludge Pollution, vol. 132, pp. 333–345,

Crawford, J.H. (1985). “Composting of agriculture waste,” in Biotechnology: Applications and Research, P. N. Cheremisinoff and R. P. Onellette, Eds., vol. 71, Technomic Publishing, Lancaster, Pa, USA,

Tognetti, C. F. Laos, M. J. Mazzarino, and M. T. Hernandez, (2005). “Composting vs. vermicomposting: a comparison of end product quality,” Compost Science and Utilization, vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 6–13,

Wong, J.M.C., M. Fang, G.X. Li and M.H. Wong, (1997). Feasibility of using coal ash residue as co-composting materials for sewage sludge. Environ. Technol. 18 , pp. 563–568.

Fares, F. A. Albalkhi, J. Dec, M. A. Bruns, and J. M. Bollag (2005). “Physicochemical characteristics of animal and municipal wastes decomposed in arid soils,” Journal of Environmental Quality, vol. 34, no. 4, pp. 1392–1403,

Kaviraj and S. Sharma, (2003). “Municipal solid waste management through vermin-composting employing exotic and local species of earthworms,” Bio-resource Technology, vol. 90, no. 2, pp. 169–173,

Jadia, C.D. and M. H. Fulekar, (2008). “Vermi-composting of vegetable waste: a bio-physicochemical process based on hydro operating bioreactor,” African Journal of Biotechnology, vol. 7,pp. 3723–3730,

Bouche, M. F. Al-addan, J. Cortez, et al., (1997). “Role of earthworms in the N cycle: a falsifiable assessment,” Soil Biology and Biochemistry, vol. 29, no. 3-4, pp. 375–380,

Balamurugan, V. M. Gobi, and G. Vijayalakshmi,(1999). “Comparative studies on degradation of press mud using cellulolytic fungi and exotic species of earthworms with a note on its gut microflora,” Asian Journal of Microbiology, Biotechnology and Environmental Sciences, vol. 1, pp. 131–134,

Suthar, S (2007). “Nutrient changes and biodynamics of epigeic earthworm Perionyx excavatus (Perrier) during recycling of some agriculture wastes,” Bioresource Technology, vol. 98, no. 8, pp. 1608–1614,

Viel M., D. Sayag and L. Andre, (1987) Optimisation of agricultural, industrial waste management through in-vessel composting. In: M. de Bertoldi, Editor, Compost: Production, Quality and Use, Elseiver Appl. Sci. Essex , pp. 230–237.

Crawford, J.H. ( 1983). J.H. Crawford, Review of composting. Process Biochem. 18 , pp. 14–15.

Gaur and Singh, 1995. A.C. Gaur and G. Singh, (1995). Recycling of rural and urban waste through convential and vermicomposting. In: H.L.S. Tandon, Editor, Recycling of Crop, Animal Human and Industrial Waste in Agriculture, Fertiliser Development and Consultation Organization, New Delhi), pp. 31–49.

Hartenstein and Hartenstein, (1981). R. Hartenstein and F. Hartenstein, Physico-chemical changes effected in activated sludge by the earthworm Eisenia fetida. J. Environ. Qual. 10, pp. 377–382. Full Text via CrossRef | View Record in Scopus | Cited By in Scopus (48)

Nagavallemma, K.P. S. P. Wani, and L. Stephane, (2006). “Vermicomposting: recycling wastes into valuable organic fertilizer,” Journal of SAT Agricultural Research, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 1–17,

Pirsaheb et al.(2013). International Journal Of Recycling of Organic Waste in Agriculture, 2:4http://www.ijrowa.com/content/2/1/4

Sudhir Kumar,J., K.Venkatasubbaiah, and P.V.V.Prasada Rao. International Journal Of Environmental Sciences, Volume 1, No1,2010 © Copyright 2010 All rights rese-rved Integrated Publishing Services Review Article ISSN 0976 – 4402.

Parthasarathi, K. and L. S. Ranganathan, (2000). “Aging effect on enzyme activities in pressmud vermicasts of Lampito mauritii (Kinberg) and Eudrilus eugeniae (Kinberg),” Biology and Fertility of Soils, vol. 30, no. 4, pp. 347–350,

Khwairakpam, M. and R. Bhargava, (2009). “Vermitechnology for sewage sludge recycling,” Journal of Hazardous Materials, vol. 161, no. 2-3, pp. 948–954,

Kitturmath, M.S. R. S. Giraddi, and B. Basavaraj (2007)., “Nutrient changes during earthworm, eudrilus eugeniae (Kinberg) mediated vermicomposting of agro-industrial wastes,” Karnataka Journal of Agriculture Science, vol. 20, pp. 653–654,

Senapati, B.K. (1992). “Vermitechnology: an option for recycling cellulosic waste in India,” in New Trends in Biotechnology, pp. 347–358, Oxford and IBH Publications, Calcutta, India,

Edwards, C.A. (2004). Earthworm Ecology, CRC Press LLC, Boca Raton, Fla, USA, 2nd edition,

Garg,P A. Gupta, and S. Satya, (2006). “Vermicomposting of different types of waste using Eisenia foetida a comparative study,” Bioresource Technology, vol. 97, no. 3, pp. 391–395,

Albanell, E. J. Plaixats, and T. Carbrero, (1988). “Chemical changes during vermicomposting (Eisenia fetida) of sheep manure mixed with cotton industrial wastes,” Biology and Fertility of Soils, vol. 6, pp. 266–269,

Tognetti, C. M. J. Mazzarino, and F. Laos, (2007). “Improving the quality of municipal organic waste compost,” Bioresource Technology, vol. 9, pp. 1067–1076,

Short, J.C.P. J. Frederickson, and R. M. Morris, (1999). “Evaluation of traditional windrow-composting and vermicomposting for the stabilization of was e paper sludge (WPS),” Pedobiologia, vol. 43, pp. 735–743.
Published
2014-09-30
Section
Original Article