• Mitter C. S. Department of Zoology, Sathaye College, Vile-Parle (E), Mumbai, 400 057, Maharashtra, India
Keywords: Antimicrobial potential, gram positive bacteria, gram negative bacteria, MIC


The objective of present investigation is to understand the antimicrobial potential of Sonneratia alba which is commonly known as mangrove apple. Various polar to non-polar solvents were selected for making extraction from dried powder of leaves of S. alba. Primary screening was carried out by paper disc method by using four gram positive bacteria Bacillus subtilis, Streptococcus pyogens, Staphylococcus aureus, Corynebacterium diphtheriae and six gram negative bacteria Klebsiella pneumoneae, Salmonella typhi, Salmonella paratyphi A, Salmonella paratyphi B, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Escherichia coli.


Romagnoli C., Bruni R., Andreotti E., Rai M. K., Vicentini C. B and Mares D., (2005). “Chemical Characterization and Antifungal Activity of Essential Oil of Capitula From Wild Indian Tagetes patula L. Protoplasma.” (57-65).

Acharya D. and Shrivastava K. (2008). “Herbal medicines: Tribal Formulations and Traditional Herbal Practices.” Avishkar Publishers Distributors, Jaipur-India-pp 440.

Kathiresan K. and Qasim S. Z., (2005). “Biodiversity of Mangrove Ecosystems.” Hindustan Publishing Corporation (India) New Delhi, pp.5.

Kathiresan K, (1990). “Prospectus of Tissue Culture Studies.” In: Advances In Forestry Research (Ramprakash, ed.), vol-6, International Book Distributors, Dehradun, India. Pp. 143-151.

Snedakar S. C., Meeder J. F., Ross M. S. and Ford R. G., 1994. “Mangrove Ecosystem Collapse During Predicted Sea Level Rise: Holocene Analogues and Implications.” Journal of Coastal Research. 10(2): 497-498.

Vannucci M. (1989). “The Mangroves and Us.” Indian Association for the Advancement of Science. New Delhi. P 203.

Siddiqi N. A. (1997). “Management of Resources in the Sunderbans Mangroves of Bangladesh.” International News Letter of Coastal Management- Intercoast Network . Special edition : 22-23.

Bandaranayke, W. M., (2002). “Bioactivities, Bioactive Compounds and Chemical Constituents of Mangrove Plants.” Wetlands Ecology and Management, 10: 421-452.

Elanchezhiyan M., Rajaranjan M., Rajendran P., Subramanian S. and Thyagarajan S.P., (1993). “Antiviral Properties of the Seed Extract of an Indian Medicinal Plant, Pongamia pinnata, Linn. Against Herpis Simplex Viruses.” Invitro Studies on the Vero Cells. Journal of Medical Microbiology, 38: 262-264.2

Loder J. W and Russel G. B., (1969). “Tumour Inhibitory Plants: The Alkaloids of Bruguiera sexangula and Bruguiera exaristala (Rhizophoroceae).” Australian Journal of Chemistry, 22: 1271-1275.

Dhane J.M., (2005). Studies on the Acetone Soluble Bioactive Principles of Sonneratia apetala leaf. Ph.D Thesis (Life Sciences), University of Mumbai.

Shah N. J., (2005). “Pharmacognosy Studies on Methanol Extracts of Mangrove Species Aegicerus corniculatum.” Ph.D Thesis (Life Sciences), University of Mumbai.

Mane S, and Jadhav B. L., (2004). “Pharmacognosical Investigations of Bruguiera Cylindrica.” In: Proceedings of National Symposium, Biosciences, Biotechnology and Bio-enterprises. 236-240.

Khan M. R., Omoloso A. D. and Barevai Y., (2006). “Antimicrobial Activity of Derris elliptica, D. indica and D. trifoliata Extracts.” Fitoterapia, 11 (4):327-330.

Bandaranayake W. M., 1998. “Traditional and Medicinal Use of Mangroves.” Mangrove and Salt Marshes, 2: 133-148.

Wada, K., A. Kinjo, M. Uehara and K. Takara, 2002. “Antioxidant Activities of Mangrove Trees.” Science Links jpn. 189-192.

Wang R. J and Z. Y. Chen, 2002. “Systematics and Biogeography Study On The Family Sonnoretiaceae

Haq I., Hossain S.,, (2014). “Antioxidant and Antibacterial Activities of Different Extracts and Fractions of a Mangrove Plant S. alba.” International Journal of Agriculture and Biology. 707-714.

Saad S., Taher M., (2012). “In Vitro Antimicrobial Activity of Mangrove Plant Sonneratia Alba.” Asian Pacific Journal of Trop. Biomed. 2(6): 427-429.

Gould J.C. and Bowie J.H., 1952. “The Determination of Bacterial Sensitivity to Antibiotics.” Edinb. Med. J. 59: 178.

Jhurani B.S.A. and Jadhav B.L., (2010). “Evaluation of Antimicrobial Properties and Activity Guided Fractionation of Mangrove Species Rhizopora apiculata.” Asian Jr. of Microbiol. Biotech. Env. Sc., 12(4): 1-4.

Saravanakumar, Venkateshwaram A. K., Vanita J., Ganesh M., Vasudevan M and Sivakumar., (2009). “Synergistic Activity of Methnolic Extract of Thespesia populnea (Malvaceae) Flowers with Oxytetracycline.” Bangladesh Journal Pharmacol, 22(3): 282-286.

Suraiya N. and Jadhav B. L., 2000. “Screening of the Antimicrobial Properties of Acanthus illicifolius and Excoecaria agallocha Species of the Mumbai Coast.” Trends In Life Sciences (India), 15(2):85-92.

Maurya B. R., (2001). “Studies on Screening of Bioactive Compounds of Mangrove Plants Along Revas Coast.” M.Sc. Thesis (Life Sciences) University of Mumbai, Mumbai, India. P 49.

Parekh G. G and Chanda V. S., (2008). “Antimicrobial Activity of Aqueous and Alcoholic Extracts of 34 Indian Medicinal Plants Against Some Staphylococcus Species.” Turk J. Biology, 32: 63-71.

Mangaokar M. K. and Jadhav B. L., (2001). “Screening of Antimicrobial Properties of Avicennia marina, Avicennia alba and Susuvium portulacastrum Along the Mumbai Coast.” Journal of University of Mumbai, 56: 99-112.

Mangaokar M. K., (2000). “Screening of Bioactive Components of Mangrove Plants of Bombay Coast.” M.Sc. Thesis (Life Sciences) University of Mumbai, Mumbai-400 098.

Suraiya N. (1998). “Screening of Bioactive Components of Mangroves Plants of Bombay Coast.” M.Sc. Thesis (Life Sciences) University of Mumbai, Mumbai-400 098.

Mitter C. S., 2011. Ethnopharmacological Studies of Mangrove Plants Occurring Along Maharashtra Coast. Ph.D. Thesis (Life Sciences), University of Mumbai, Mumbai 400 098, India.
Original Article